Saturday, 22 October 2016

Richard Williams - Career Reviews of Pioneer Animators

Richard Williams is an animator, film title sequence designer, voice actor and writer who is best known for being the animation director on Disney's "Who Framed Roger Rabbit?" and his unfinished feature film "The Thief and the Cobbler. His other works include designing and animating the film title sequences for "What's New, Pussycat?" along with the title and linking sequences for "Charge of the Light Brigade". He also animated the eponymous cartoon feline character the Pink Panther for the two later Pink Panther films. He attended school Northern Secondary School in Toronto in which  attended has produced numerous other successful people in th entertainment industry.

He earlier produced work in 1958 for the film "The Little Island" boosted his career as it won the 1958 BAFTA Award for Animated Film. In his documentary "The Theif Who Never Gave Up" Williams gives credit to animator Bob Godfrey whose given influence allowed him to start in the animation business. He later directed numerous films which include the Academy Award-winning film "A Christmas Carol"(1971) and the Emmy-winnng television film "Ziggy's Gift (1982)". He later became the director of animation for the film "Who Framed Roger Rabbit? (1988) and won two more Oscars for his work.

He later went into book writing on animation , and has writted the acclaimed animation how-to-book "The Animator's Survival Kit"  which has been published and republished many times and is still widely acclaimed to the present day. Following this, he produced a 9-minute silent short film called "Circus Drawings", and with live accompaniment it premiered at thePordenone Silent Film Festival in Italy in September 2010.

Bill Plympton - Career reviews of Pioneer Animators

Bill Plympton is an American animator, graphic designer, cartoonist and filmmaker who is best known for his several hand-drawn animated shorts - with his best known one being "Your Face" which was created in 1987. He studied graphic design at Portland State University from 1964 - 1968 and became a member of the film society there whilst also working on designing the yearbook. In 1968 he then transferred to the School of Visual Arts in New York City where he majored in cartooning and graduated from SVA in 1969. His distinctive style is recognised easily for being somewhat similar to unrealistic drawings of celebrities due to his common use of over exaggerated and over and undersized facial features.

Numerous illustrations and cartoons of his have been published in magazines and newspapers, ranging from The NewYork Times, to Vogue and National Lampoon, and his political cartoon strip called Plympton which started in the Soho Weekly News in 1975 exceedingly expanded and later appeared in over 20 different newspapers. From 2012 Plympton has created over 40 animated short films and 6 animated features and he has also published his own comic book "The Sleazy Cartoons of Bill Plympton".

He later released two DVDs of animated shorts both titles "Avoid Eye Contact" with two other independent New York City Animators and his work later appeared in a comedy series The Edge on Fox in 1992 - 1993 along with his animated series "Liquid Television" in the early 1990s, and in 1995 he broadened his horizons by contributing animation and graphics to a computer game collection called "Take Your Best Shot". He later collaborated with animator Don Hertzfeldt for the touring "The Don and Bill Show" which played in the USA, and in 2005 he animated a music video for Kanye West's "Heared 'Em Say" and created a music video for Weird Al Yankovics "Don't Download This Song".

Lotte Reiniger - Career reviews of Pioneer Animators

Lotte Reiniger was a German film director and a pioneer in the advancement of silhouette animation which is most shown through her depictions of Grimm's fairy tales such as "Cinderella" and "Hansel and Gretel". Starting with making shadow puppets in aid of telling Shakespeare plays, she later adopted an avant-garde style which was prominently brought on by World War II and was known to have widely influenced the individuality of her animations. She was also an enthusiast for the Chinese art of shadow puppetry.

She initially planned to be an actress and used her early skills as a silhouette maker to attract the attention of film director Paul Wegener who in turn asked her to make silhouettes for the intertitles of his films Rübezahls Hochzeit (Germany, 1916) and Der Rattenfänger von Hameln (Germany, 1918). Her first proper animation was on Paul Wegener's film "The Pied Piper of Hamelin" (1918). Reiniger was asked to animate wooden rats in a stop motion style due to Wegener being unable to control live rats to film as an alternative, and the technique turned out to be a success due to their movements turning out to be highly realistic.

What is useful about her technique is that it enables a lot of freedom in which to convey characters, as in being able to simply use outlines of characters and portraying them clearly without worrying about any individual colours or details to give them as if they were being animated differently.

Don Hertzfeldt - Career Reviews of Pioneer Animators

Don Hertzfeldt is a two-time Academy Award nominated animator, artist, filmmaker and independent writer who has produced such films as "It's a Beautiful Day (2012)" and "Billy's Balloon (1998)". His art style is known for being whimsically cartoon - like and is simple yet significant and exploratory.

Although his films may first appear to convey little plot or scenarios, most of his films are known to actually convey quite elaborate and heartfelt storylines and deal with genuine real world problems which grip the heartstrings of many viewers worldwide. One film of his that portrays a complex but well written real-life scenario is "World of Tomorrow (2015)" which tells the story of a young girl named Emily who encounters a clone of herself who is contacting her from the future, and is thus pulled out of her own time. Current themes within the movie involve a sorrowful but wizened story of her genetic descendent, but as the story is convenyed through the eyes of an imaginative and carefree Emily, it adjusts the plot to be more light-hearted.

From Hertzfeldt's famous hand-drawn style, it is one of the many films that enabled a radical leap for him both as an animator and artist to have a creative breakthrough, as it enabled him to earn how to multitask with drawing and animating, along with conceptualise a plot-line that conveyed a strong use of Photoshop through the wide ranges of colours and gradient backgrounds.

Final reflective statement on “Invisible Cities” project

Overall I think that my experience with this project has been extremely challenging but also extremely rewarding. This is due to the fact that it has allowed me to work on my time management skills through completing other tasks alongside the project such as the film reviews. It has also encouraged me to develop my skills further within Photoshop and digital painting through creating concept art and it has also taught me on the many ways in which to follow a brief, which involves a balance of creating artwork that is interesting and artistic but also relies on the words of an Author, with our Author being Italio Calvino. What I would like to improve on next time is working on producing work faster now that I have a better idea of how the course works as a whole. I would also like to work on being less resistant to dive into our given work and work on being less anxious about our given tasks which will be beneficial to my overall working practice.